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Income requirement for family members of a person who has been granted international protection

You are required to have secure means of support in Finland from other sources than benefits paid by the society.

For example, the income from employment or business activities of your family member living in Finland can be used to secure your means of support.

Your means of support are calculated from your net income, that is, from income that remains after tax and after employer’s and employee’s pension and insurance contributions.

Some social benefits are considered income

Certain social benefits reduce the required means of support. These are called social security benefits compensating for expenses. Such benefits are, for example:

  • child benefit
  • child care allowance
  • child maintenance allowance
  • study grant
  • housing allowance

The following people do not need to have secure means of support:

  • A family member of a person who has been granted asylum or accepted as a quota refugee before 1 July 2016, if the family has been started before the sponsor arrived in Finland.
  • A family member of a person who has been granted asylum on or after 1 July 2016, if the family was started before the sponsor came to Finland and if the family member submits his or her application for a residence permit on the basis of family ties within three months after the sponsor is informed that he or she has been granted asylum.
  • A family member of a person who has been accepted as a quota refugee to Finland on and after 1 July 2016, if the family was started before the sponsor was accepted as a quota refugee and the family member submits his or her application for a residence permit on the basis of family ties within three months after the sponsor is informed that he or she has been accepted as a quota refugee.
  • A brother or a sister of an underage person who has been granted international protection and who arrived in Finland alone. The brother or sister must reside outside Finland. In addition, the following conditions must be met:
    • The siblings have lived together.
    • Their parents have died or disappeared.

Please notice: if you wish to submit your residence permit application on paper, you have to book an appointment at a Finnish mission (embassy or consulate). If you are not able to submit your application on paper within three months, for example because there is a long appointment queue, you can still apply for a residence permit without an income requirement.

However, you have to book the first available appointment and use it to submit your application. You can also apply for a residence permit online.

Approximate amounts of money needed to secure an applicant’s means of support in Finland

Person EUR/month EUR/year
one adult 1,000 12,000
another adult living in the same household 700 8,400
one family member younger than 18 500 6,000
second family member younger than 18 400 4,800
third family member younger than 18 300 3,600
fourth family member younger than 18 200 2,400
fifth family member younger than 18 100 1,200
sixth family member younger than 18 and other family members after that 0 0

 

For example, a family of two adults and two children under 18 years of age needs a total of EUR 2,600 per month to have secure means of support (EUR 1,000+700+500+400).

A family of a single parent and four children younger under 18 years of age needs EUR 2,400 per month to have secure means of support (EUR 1,000+500+400+300+200).

Exceptions to the income requirement are only made in exceptional cases

An exemption may be made from the income requirement if there are exceptionally weighty reasons for this or if it is in the best interests of a child.

If you feel that you should not be required to have secure means of support, please attach the necessary reasons and documents to your residence permit application.

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