Registering an EU citizen's right of residence

About Brexit

Brexit-related instructions and customer bulletins will be published on this page.

The withdrawal agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU entered into force on 1 February 2020. A transitional period running to the end of 2020 started at the same time. 

Transitional period

The transitional period means that all British citizens and their family members who either already live in Finland or move to Finland by 31 December 2020 and who register their residence may continue to reside in Finland under the same conditions as during the UK's EU membership. 

Change of permit type

If you want to continue to reside in Finland after the transitional period ends at the end of 2020, you must change your EU registration to a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement between 1 October 2020 and 30 September 2021. 

If you have been granted an EU citizen’s right of permanent residence in Finland before 1 January 2021 and you have a certificate of this, apply for changing your residence status into a right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement. The application is free of charge

In order to be granted a right of permanent residence, you are required to have legally resided in Finland for an uninterrupted period of five years. If your required period of residence is not yet long enough at the end of 2020, your continued residence in Finland even after the transitional period has ended will be counted towards your period of residence. This means that you can be granted a right of permanent residence later. You must still change your EU registration to a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement, even if you do not yet meet the period of residence requirement of five years.

Apply for right of residence under the withdrawal agreement between 1 October 2020 and 30 September 2021

You can apply for a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement as of 1 October 2020. If you have arrived in Finland for the first time after 1 October 2020, meet the requirements for a right of residence and want to continue to reside in Finland after the transitional period ends, you should apply for a right of residence directly under the withdrawal agreement. 

We have opened separate appointment times for applying for a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement. Brexit appointment times can be found in our booking service. Select EU registration as the service category and Brexit as the service.

You must book an appointment before visiting a service point. If there are no appointment times available at the moment, please be patient and wait for new appointments to become available. Follow our customer bulletins on the page migri.fi/customer-bulletins.

Submit your application as of 1 October 2020 in the online service Enter Finland or with a paper application. We recommend that you apply online. You can check the processing fees and payment instructions for the applications on the page migri.fi/processing-fees-and-payment-methods.

If your family member is a third-country national and is residing in Finland with a residence card for a family member of an EU citizen, he or she must also apply for a residence status under the withdrawal agreement. All applicants must attach passport photos to their applications, and all applicants over the age of six must give their fingerprints when submitting their application.

If you are a frontier worker, use the application forms below to apply for a document certifying your rights as a frontier worker. A frontier worker works, or pursues activities as a self-employed person, in an EU Member State but lives in another EU Member State to which he or she returns usually daily or at least once a week.

Check here which permit you need

  • If you have resided in Finland for less than five years, and you have registered your right of residence in Finland as an EU citizen or have been issued with a residence card for a family member of an EU citizen,
    • you need to apply for changing your right of residence as an EU citizen or a family member of an EU citizen to a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. If you are granted a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement, you can continue to reside in Finland even after the transitional period ends at the end of 2020. Your right of residence under the withdrawal agreement will be valid only in Finland. 
    • If you arrive in Finland after 1 October 2020 and before 31 December 2020, you should apply for a right of residence directly under the withdrawal agreement.
    • Instructions for applying can be found at migri.fi/right-of-residence-under-the-withdrawal-agreement.
  • If you have resided in Finland for an uninterrupted period of five years, and you have registered your right of residence in Finland as an EU citizen or have been issued with a residence card for a family member of an EU citizen,
    • you should apply for a right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement. You can be granted a right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement, if you have lived in Finland for an uninterrupted period of five years and you meet the requirements for granting the permit.
    • Instructions for applying can be found at migri.fi/application-for-right-of-permanent-residence.
  • If you have been issued with a certificate of a right of permanent residence as an EU citizen or with a permanent residence card for a family member of an EU citizen,

Applying for right of residence abroad

In certain situations, you can also apply for a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement from abroad. Submit your application at a Finnish mission (embassy or consulate) or an application centre of an external service provider.

Residence permit card

If you are granted a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement, you will be given a residence permit card showing your right of residence in Finland. The residence permit card will be valid for up to five years. This means that the residence permit card needs to be renewed every five years. 

Apply for a residence permit if you are coming to Finland after 31 December 2020

Remember: If you arrive in Finland for the first time after 31 December 2020, you cannot apply for a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. You must apply for a residence permit in the same manner as other persons coming from non-EU countries. However, those family members of a British citizen whose family ties to the British citizen have been established before the ending of the transitional period have the right to come to Finland later and still be covered by the withdrawal agreement.

If you are a citizen of another EU or EEC country in addition to being a British citizen

You do not need to submit a new registration application for an EU citizen to register your citizenship of the other country, or apply for a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. Make sure that the Digital and Population Data Services Agency has registered your municipality of residence and your other citizenship correctly in the Population Information System. After doing this, submit a notification to the Finnish Immigration Service. 

1. Email us a copy of the page in your passport containing personal data. We recommend that you use encrypted email at securemail.migri.fi. You can also send a copy by post to the address PO Box 10, FI-00086 MAAHANMUUTTOVIRASTO, or leave the copy at one of our service points

2. We will register the other EU citizenship in your details. If you wish to get a written confirmation of being registered as a citizen of another EU Member State, you can submit a request for a certificate. The request is submitted to the Finnish Immigration Service and is subject to a fee.

However, we do not require you to have a written certificate of the registration at hand.
Remember first to make sure that your information is registered correctly at the Digital and Population Data Services Agency. The Finnish Immigration Service cannot register your other EU citizenship in your details before your citizenship information is registered correctly in the Population Information System. 

If you are not sure about whether you have registered your right of residence or not:

  • Call the Finnish Immigration Service's customer service number at +358 295 419 600 (Mon–Fri 8.30–15.30); or
  • send an email to the address [email protected] State your name, date of birth and citizenship in your message. Also state your customer number, if you have one. 

If you need a certificate of registering your residence

Processing of asylum applications

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 1 February 2020, but the UK continues to apply the Dublin procedure until the end of 2020.

You can read more about Brexit on the websites of other authorities:

Frequently Asked Questions

Read more on the page Frequently Asked Questions.