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Registering an EU citizen's right of residence

About Brexit

Brexit-related instructions and customer bulletins will be published on this page.

The withdrawal agreement between the UK and the EU came into force on 1 February 2020. 

This also marked the start of the transition period, which will run until 31 December 2020. The withdrawal agreement states that all UK citizens and their family members who either are already living in, or move to, Finland before the end of the transition period and register their residence will be able to reside in Finland under the same rules as during the UK’s EU membership. 

If you wish to continue residing in Finland after the transition period, i.e. after 2020, you must change your EU citizen’s right of residence to a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement between 1 October 2020 and 30 September 2021. You may apply for either a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement.

At the moment, applications are not yet accepted, so we ask you to wait for further instructions. The online booking for appointments to apply for a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement will be opened in September. Further information about the process will be provided closer to the time. We will also announce the processing fees in September. The applications may be submitted as of 1 October 2020 either electronically through Enter Finland online service or using a paper form. Follow our customer information updates

If your family member is a third-country national and resides in Finland with a residence card of a family member of a Union citizen, he or she will also need to apply for the residence status under the withdrawal agreement. 

Remember: If you arrive in Finland after 31 December 2020, you may no longer apply for a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. After this date, you will have to a apply for a residence permit as a person arriving from outside the EU.

British citizen: register your right of residence as soon as possible

If you have not yet registered your right of residence:

  • Register your right of residence as soon as possible. The easiest way to do this is to fill in an application in the e-service Enter Finland. After this, you must book an appointment at one of the service points of the Finnish Immigration Service to prove your identity and to show the originals of the documents that you have attached to your application.
  • If you have resided legally in Finland for an uninterrupted period of five years, apply for a certificate of the right of permanent residence of an EU citizen at the Finnish Immigration Service.

Are you a citizen of some other EU or EEA country?

You do not have to submit a new registration application to register your citizenship of a second country. Make sure that your municipality of residence and your other citizenship are entered correctly in the Population Information System by the Digital and Population Data Services Agency. Then notify the Finnish Immigration Service:

Notify also the Finnish Immigration Service of this:
1. Send a copy of your passport page containing personal data by email. We recommend that you use encrypted email: securemail.migri.fi. You can also send the copy by post to the address PO Box 10, 00086 Maahanmuuttovirasto, or bring it to one of our service points.
2. We will record the details of your other EU citizenship. If you wish to receive written confirmation that you have been registered on the basis of another EU citizenship, you can request a certificate. Certificate requests are subject to a fee. However, we do not require you to have written proof of your registration. 

Remember: you must first make sure that your personal details are correct at the Digital and Population Data Services Agency. The Finnish Immigration Service cannot record details of your second EU citizenship, unless these details have also been correctly entered into the Population Information System. 

If you already have registered your right of residence, you do not need to contact the Finnish Immigration Service

Your registration is still valid. You do not need to renew it.

If you are not sure about whether you have registered your right of residence or not:

  • Call the Finnish Immigration Service's customer service number at 0295 419600 (Mon–Fri 9–16); or
  • Email us at: [email protected]. State your name, date of birth and your citizenship in your message. State also your customer number, if you have one. 

If you have lost your old registration certificate, you do not need a new one

The Finnish Immigration Service does not require you to have written proof that you have registered your residence. However, you may need to provide written proof in some circumstances, such as when dealing with other authorities.

If you need a certificate of your registration

  • The Finnish Immigration Service has been handling registrations since 1 January 2017. If the Finnish Immigration Service registered your right of residence, you can ask for a new certificate by emailing [email protected] Certificate requests are subject to a fee. You can check the cost on the processing fees page.
  • The Police handled registrations before 1 January 2017. If the Police registered your right of residence, you can contact the Police or request a certificate from the Finnish Immigration Service. Certificate requests are subject to a fee.

Read these instructions on which type of permit you should apply for between 1 October 2020 and 30 September 2021:

  • If you have resided in Finland for less than five years and have registered your EU citizen’s right of residence in Finland
    • you should apply to change your status to a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. Follow our customer information updates. If you are granted the right of residence under the withdrawal agreement, you may continue to reside in Finland after the transition period, i.e. after 2020. The right of residence under the withdrawal agreement is valid in Finland only. If you wish to continue to reside in Finland after 2020, applying for a right of residence is mandatory.
  • If you have resided in Finland for more than five consecutive years and have registered your EU citizen’s right of residence in Finland
    • you should apply for a right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement. You may be granted a right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement if you have resided in Finland for more than five consecutive years and you meet the criteria of the permit.
  • If you have a document certifying the right of permanent residence of an EU citizen
    • ​​​​​​​you can apply to change your right of residence to a permanent right of residence based on the withdrawal agreement. This will be free of charge.

If you are a British citizen who has obtained an EU right of permanent residence in Finland before 1 January 2021 and have written proof of this, you can apply to change your status to a permanent right of residence based on the withdrawal agreement. This will be free of charge. Appropriate written proof will be sufficient to indicate that you have the right to reside in Finland, so you will not necessarily have to apply. However, we recommend that you apply. This way, it is as easy as possible for you to prove your right of residence at the Schengen external border and when visiting Finland.

In order to obtain permanent residency, you must have resided in Finland legally for five years. If you have not yet resided in Finland for five years by the end of 2020, you can still accumulate this time after the end of the transition period and obtain your permanent right of residence later. 

However, even if you have lived in Finland for less than five years, you will still have to exchange your EU registration for a right of residence based on the withdrawal agreement.

At the moment, applications are not yet accepted, so we ask you to wait for further instructions. The online booking for appointments to apply for a right of residence or right of permanent residence under the withdrawal agreement will be opened in September. Further information about the process will be provided closer to the time. We will also announce the processing fees in September. The applications may be submitted as of 1 October 2020 either electronically through Enter Finland online service or using a paper form. Follow our customer information updates

Remember: If you arrive in Finland after 31 December 2020, you may no longer apply for a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. After this date, you will have to a apply for a residence permit as a person arriving from outside the EU.

Processing of asylum applications

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 1 February 2020, but the UK continues to apply the Dublin procedure until the end of 2020.

You can read more about Brexit on the websites of other authorities:

Brexit FAQs

See our Frequently Asked Questions for more information about Brexit

Customer bulletins - Brexit