Personal identity code in connection with a residence permit
A personal identity code is a number sequence with 11 characters, formed on the basis of your date of birth and your gender. Public authorities, banks and employers, for example, often need to know your personal identity code. Each personal identity code is unique.
Foreign nationals can ask to be registered in the Finnish Population Information System when they apply for their first residence permit and receive a Finnish personal identity code at the same time as they are issued with the permit. Asylum seekers as well as EU citizens and their family members applying for a residence card can also ask to be registered.
Applicants need to ask for registration
You must remember to ask to be registered in the Population Information System when you apply for a residence permit or a residence card. You will not get a personal identity code automatically when you get your first residence permit. On the application form you will find an item where you can ask for registration. Please note that registration is possible only if you are granted a residence permit and you fulfil the requirements for registration.
You will be registered in the Population Information System if your information has not already been entered into the system and if your identity has been verified in a reliable manner. Among other information, your personal data and contact information will be registered in the Population Information System in connection with the residence permit decision. The Population Information System is Finland's national register of people living in Finland.
If you are granted a residence permit and you have applied for a personal identity code in your application, you will be registered in the Population Information System with the information on your travel document (for example your passport or identity card). Therefore, it is important that you spell your name on the application form, or alternatively on a separate request to record personal information in the Population Information System form, exactly as it is spelled in your travel document. If you did not apply for a personal identity code in your application, you can do it with the request to record personal information in the Population Information System form HETU_P.
You can also apply for a personal identity code later
If you cannot be registered in the Population Information System when you are granted a residence permit, you can ask for the registration at your Local Register Office after you have arrived in Finland.
You are not automatically registered as a resident of a certain city or town when you receive a personal identity code. This means that you are not automatically given a municipality of residence. Your municipality of residence can be a city, a town or a municipality. You need a municipality of residence in order to use the services provided by the city or the municipality, such as health care and child day care. To be registered with a municipality of residence, you need to visit your Local Register Office.