Permanent residence card for a family member of an EU citizen
Apply for a permanent residence card of a family member of an EU citizen if:
- your family member is a citizen of an EU Member State, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland and meets the requirements for a right of permanent of residence;
- you yourself are not an EU citizen; and
- you have resided legally in Finland together with the EU citizen for a continuous period of 5 years.
With a permanent residence card, you can easily prove that you have the right of permanent residence in Finland.
Once you have the permanent residence card, your right of residence in Finland is no longer dependent on your family member’s right of residence.
A permanent residence card is valid for 5 years. The card must be renewed every 5 years because the chip of the card contains biometric identifiers, for example a facial image and 2 fingerprints.
If you already have a permanent residence card and the validity of your residence permit card is about to expire, apply for the renewal of your residence card.
Retention of the right of residence of family members in the event of divorce
If you are not an EU citizen yourself and your marriage with an EU citizen ends in divorce, you will not lose your right of residence because of the divorce if:
- the marriage has lasted at least 3 years, including 1 year in Finland (the duration of the marriage is counted from the day when you got married to the day when you filed for divorce);
- by agreement between the spouses or by a court decision, the spouse who is not an EU citizen has custody of the children of the EU citizen;
- it is warranted by particularly difficult circumstances such as violence in the marriage; or
- by agreement between the spouses or by a court decision, the spouse who is not an EU citizen has a right of access to a minor, and the court has ruled that the access must be in Finland.
You can be issued with a permanent residence card despite your divorce if:
- you have resided in Finland for at least 5 years;
- 1 of the conditions listed above is met in your case; and
- you have had 1 of the following grounds for your residence in Finland since your marriage was dissolved:
- studies with sufficient financial resources
- sufficient financial resources.