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When is an application not processed in Finland?

Dismissing an application means that a complete substantial investigation into the application will not be conducted.

However, the Finnish Immigration Service will always conduct a preliminary investigation and decide whether your application contains grounds for continuing the investigation. If there are such grounds, a substantial investigation into your application will be conducted. If there are no such grounds, you may get a decision on the dismissal of your application.

Your application for international protection may be dismissed in Finland in the following cases:

  • You have arrived from a safe country where you have been granted asylum or subsidiary protection or otherwise sufficient protection, and you may be returned to this country (safe country of asylum).
  • You have arrived from a safe country where you could have been granted asylum or subsidiary protection or otherwise sufficient protection, you have sufficient ties to that country and you may be returned there (safe third country).
  • You can be sent to another country that is responsible for examining your asylum application according to the Dublin Regulation (the Dublin procedure).
  • You have received international protection in another EU Member State (the Dublin procedure).
  • You have made a subsequent application that does not contain any new grounds that would influence our decision on your matter.

Dublin procedure

The European countries have agreed that an asylum application is only examined by one state, which can be

  • another EU Member State
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Switzerland
  • Liechtenstein

The Dublin procedure means determining the state responsible for examining an asylum application. The procedure is based on the Dublin Regulation, which binds the EU Member States directly. According to the Regulation, the responsibility for examining your asylum application belongs to the state

  1. where you have family members;
  2. that has granted you a residence permit or a visa;
  3. where you first arrived from a country that is not an EU Member State, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland or Liechtenstein; or
  4. where you have applied for asylum before.

This state has to take you back and examine the asylum application that you have submitted in Finland.

If some other Member State is responsible for examining your application for asylum, your application will not be examined in Finland. Instead, you will be refused entry and sent back to that Member State.

In such a case, we will not investigate during your asylum interview whether there are grounds for granting you an asylum. Instead, you will return to your reception centre to wait for a transfer to the country that will handle your application.

Eurodac fingerprint database

The Eurodac fingerprint database speeds up the process of determining the state that is responsible for processing an asylum application. Since 15 January 2003, the fingerprints of all persons over the age of 14 who have submitted an application for asylum have been saved in the database. If a person applies for an asylum for the second time in another Member State, the Eurodac system will reveal this.

If there are no information about an asylum seeker in any international databases, Finland may not have a reason to request another Member State to process the asylum seeker’s application and deport the asylum seeker on the basis of the Dublin Regulation.

For example, simply the knowledge that the asylum seeker has visited or passed through another country does not give Finland a reason to do this. Instead, it needs to be possible to prove that the asylum seeker has resided illegally in that country.

Further information

Dublin III Regulation

Eurodac Regulation