The Finnish Immigration Service receives a deportation proposal from the police. On the basis of the proposal and other information, the Finnish Immigration Service makes a decision in the matter. The decision is based on an overall consideration, where the Finnish Immigration Service weighs the grounds for deportation but also other circumstances that speak against it, such as the person’s ties to Finland.
The Finnish Immigration Service can also decide on deportation at its own initiative. This is often the case when the Finnish Immigration Service rejects an application for an extended permit or withdraws a residence permit.
A decision on deportation is enforced if the person has not left the country voluntarily. If a decision on deportation is made on the basis of crimes, the decision can be enforced by the police 30 days after the date when the decision was served. In other cases, the decision is enforced after the decision has become final. In practice, the police are responsible for carrying out removals from the country.
If a person is deported due to residing in Finland without a permit, a time limit between 7 and 30 days can be set, within which he or she must leave the country. No time limit is set when the deportation decision is made on other grounds.